The Sabak, Sabki, Manzil and Tamkeen system of Hifz
It is the new lesson that is to be memorised for the day. The best way to do it is to spread the memorization session of approximately two hours into 4 or 5 blocks of half an hour sessions throughout the day.
10.30 am -12.00
This session is to be done at madrassa with the teacher. Get the gist of the lesson and Listen to your favourite Shaik in a tape recorder while repeating and imitating his recitation. The best app available is Quran Explorer (http://www.quranexplorer.com/) After you have made yourself familiar with the lesson read it to the Ustaz before you begin memorising. Try to memorise at least half of the lesson.
READ WORD BY WORD, LINE BY LINE, AYAH BY AYAH, DO NOT GO TO THE NEXT AYAH WITHOUT MEMORISING THE FIRST AYAH.
These steps must be adhered to. The best way to know that you memorized the lesson is that you should read it with minimum hesitation. Learn to read without looking. Just repeating the page from top to bottom may not be a good way of memorizing. The average child memorizes 7 words at a time.
You can read further in this topic here
Also please note that there is no fixed way, each child is unique. JUST FIND WHAT
WORKS BEST FOR YOU AND STICK WITH IT.
3.00-4.00 PM, or whatever time decided in consultation with the teacher.
In this session try to memorize the remaining lines of the lesson. Do not leave any unfinished lines for the other sessions. The other sessions should be used only to strengthen and revise the lesson.
6.30 pm -7.30:
Strengthen your memorised lesson, half an hour.
After Fajar: Strengthen your memorised lesson, half an hour.
7.30 am -7.45: Strengthen your memorised lesson, and read to the teacher
At Ibn Masood institute we focus a lot on Sabki. Why most people forget when they have memorised a page thoroughly is because they do not do Sabki properly. Sabki is the recently memorised lessons. You must read the last 10 pages daily for 30 days.
Sabak, the new lesson, is in your short term memory. It means that it would be easily forgotten if it is not rehearsed daily. Sabki is the effort that you make to transfer the memorised page into your long term memory.
Read further in the net about short term memory and long term memory, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Short-term_memory.
A Very simple formula we use, read the night before the last five lessons memorised (20-30 minutes) to your parents and read it adding another 5 pages the next day at school
Now here is the third section of Hifz, which we call Manzil. Manzils are the juzus memorised. For example, Ahmed memorised five Juzus’. His sabak would be the page that he is memorising, Sabki would be the juzu that he has reached, which would be juzu number 5, and his manzils would be Juzus 1,2,3, and 4.
After the completion of a juzu and having read it daily for a period of approximately one month it is going to become very strong. It would be transferred in the long term memory of the child. So that it would stay strong and intact we need to read it regularly. For example, Ahmed needs to read juzu 1 on Monday, Juzu 2 on Tuesday, juzu 3 on Wednesday, juzu 4 on Thursday and going back again to juzu 1 on Friday. A manzil cycle needs to be completed every 5-7 days.
Many parents wonder why my son or daughter forgot a juzu that was perfectly completed. The main reason is that the manzil cycle is not done regularly and thoroughly. Another reason is that the Quran Alkareem is full of what we call Mutashabihat or similarities of ayats. To illustrate this point, grab a Quran and compare these two pages; Albaqara (ayahs 57-60) and Alaaraf (Ayahs 160-162). You see the similarities between the two ayats. A child who memorised the Ayaats in Surat Albakara when he starts to memorise Surat Al’araf he may forget the former. For this reason, a thorough manzil cycle needs to be completed regularly.
Read further about this point here, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Long-term_memory
The table below should be followed to get the best results:
|No. of Juzu Memorised||1-5 juzus||5-10 juzus||10-30 juzus|
|No. of menzils to be read daily||1 juzu||2 juzus||3 juzus|
|Approximate days of completion of 1 Manzil cycle||5 days||5 days||10 days|
After the completion of the Quran Memorisation, the last component of Hifz is Tamkeen. Tamkeen is an Arabic word which means to strengthen and to master. The child has to make khatam of the whole Quran at least 40 times to the teacher before been given Ijaza. Many children (usually because of a parent’s pressure) leave the hifz course before completing the Tamkeen stage. If Tamkeen is not done thoroughly students are exposing themselves to forgetting the Quran. ‘Alajallah Min Ashaitan’, ‘been haste is from Shaytan’. Shaytan makes a lot of effort towards the end to stop a child from being a proper hafiz and from becoming a beacon of guidance for the Ummah.
There is an Ayah of the Quran that says
“And be not like a woman who breaks into untwisted strands the yarn which she has spun, after it has become strong” Ann-ahl 16/ayah92.
After spending enormous effort and long days and nights making hifz we hastily leave it exposed and unprotected.
Inshallah, you may contact me to get further explanations about Tamkeen. For the time being new parents to hifz try to understand the Sabak, Sabki, and Manzil system of hifz. If you understand how hifz is done at Ibn Masood you will be of great assistance to your child.
Hafiz Abdelhay Abdelhay,
23rd November 2010